FRAGMENTS FROM THIS BOOK ABOUT MATHS
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WHAT FOR ONE CAN USE STONES
(WHAT IS A PURPOSE OF STONES)
One day strong rain caught number Six, while the latter was walking in the forest. Six decided to wait under branches of the big fur-tree till the rain will stop and, to his surprise, found there one girl and one boy. Looking at this strange fellow (at Six's shape) the boy has joyfully exclaimed:
- Good, this strange branch will might help us just as that which I have caught from lake has helped me.
- I am not a branch at all! I am Number Six, and I'll try to help you if you tell me what happened with you.
Incredulously/Helplessly looking at this strange thing the boy sadly sighted and started his story: "I was going to weave a strong basket and secretly run to the forest to get branches. Soon I have lost the way and started to cry.
Why are you crying?" I've heard soft voice and, as I lifted my head, I saw the little girl holding a basket of fruits. Then I recollected (remembered) advice of Number Five and stretched open palm to the girl.
"Here you are", - said the girl placing in my hand a yellow fruit, and taking another for herself. Fruits were very delicious (sweet), and soon her basket became empty. I thanked this kind girl and asked whether she can help me to find the lake. |Surely, I can, with these words this girl showed me the direction (the footpath), then suddenly stretched (decided to give me) to me an empty basket: "Take it for you, as (anyhow) there are no rods here to weave the basket".
On the next day I managed to caught a lot of fish with this new basket and, when it started to get dark, I placed five fishes in the basket and, again without telling anyone, secretly ran to the forest. As soon as I reached the same footpath I heard the voice of the very same girl then I saw her walking across the road. I called her out and gave her basket with fish. She gladly took it and, in exchange, gave me a basket with fruits.
Since then our tribes began to do exchange with each other. Our fish we exchanged for strong baskets from rods. With such baskets one could catch a lot of fish as they won't tear, as grassy ones. Once the elder (leader) of our tribe gave me a basket with fine small stones, saying: «I placed in this basket as many stones as many superfluous fish we have. Please take it to those forest's people and ask them what they will give in exchange".
I did as requested. But as soon as the leader of forest's people saw me with the basket full of stones, he though that it is some kind of threat! " Lake 's people want to kill us", - and, saying this, declared a war ".
Please, please, help us to explain to the leader of the forest's people that lake's tribe didn't have any bad intentions they only wanted to exchange their fish! asked the boy, finishing his story.
This leader won't believe us as we are only children, - added the forest's girl. He insists that stones don't look like fish!
The six agreed to help children and went with them.
By the time they reached the big glade, both of the tribes were about to start the war. But at appearance of children and strange-looking shape (branch) all stood in amazement. Without hesitation number Six put six stones next to each other and clapped his hands. At the sound all six stones turned into six fish. Number Six clapped again and this time these six fish turned into six fruits.
The crowd joyfully started to talk. The leader of forest's people took from his tent that very same basket with ill-starred stones. Leader of the lake's people ordered to bring few baskets full of fish. Then all fishes were spread on the grass and leaders themselves placed near to each fish one stone. Then the forest's people brought baskets full of fruits and placed one fruit near each stone.
You see, stones are necessary not only for war! Happily exclaimed boy and girl, and Six unnoticeably disappeared.
In the evening Numbers wrote down in the Book of Advice: "Today primitive people have learned to count by means of stones".
Questions arising from the Story:
- Why ancient tribes often were at war with each other?
- How would you reconcile two tribes?
- Why during ancient times at construction of greater buildings, fortresses, temples, their walls sometimes fell?
- Please list such inventions and constructions that (appeared) have been created due to counting skill and with the development of counting machines.
- Name the subjects which any small child can easily count first
- What has changed in a life of people after they have learned to count?
- Imagine that all devices by means of which the people can count, will disappear. Describe what will change then in the modern world.
Activity Play "Teach people to count"
Split up children into groups. Each group (represents) is a tribe. One person in group - the elder (the leader). In this play/game people of a tribe should tell what they need to count, for example: a fish, deers, fruits. The elder teaches them to count by means of any improvised means.
Game "The Queen of Maths"
On a floor the circle in diameter of three meters is drawn. Let one of the children play role of the Queen of Maths and stand in the center of a circle. Children should run inside and outside of this circle. On a command of the teacher everyone should stand still (quietly). The Maths' Queen throws a ball to one of those who happened to be inside this circle. This child, in his turn, should strike a ball about a floor so many times, as many children are outside a circle in the moment. Then game repeats with new Queen.
Drawing "People learn to count"
Draw how the Six teaching people to count.
At home try to count the things around you with help of improvised means: stones, knots, beads etc.
Task on the Homework
Children describe how they managed to count things at home. Then all should discuss which way is the fastest and most convenient.