IDEAS AND PROGRAMS ON MORAL EDUCATION
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LESSONS ON VIRTUES
HOW TO INSTILL CONFIDENCE IN CHILDREN
LESSONS ON VIRTUES
What parents should NOT do:
There is no set formula on how to raise children. Each child is different. Each child is unique, so Parent's relationships with their children are unique. There are things which are counter productive when talking with a child. It is question of what parents should not do under any condition.
If we want to bring up the child with a good understanding of moral values and a good discipline, we, must first develop the child's consciousness, to do it's best in the task to generate in the child's mind the positive image of his/her self. And we must avoid anything that can destroy this positive image.
Unfortunately, out of ignorance, anger, annoyance, irritation and sometimes desperation parents use awful methods in raising their children.
As we remember the commandment “Thou shall not sin” so too we should remember to avoid using any of the following methods:
DO NOT MAKE NEGATIVE COMMENTS TO HUMILIATE THE CHILD
Sometimes we question the child: "How this idea did come to your mind? Can you do anything better? Do you have a head on your shoulders etc? Every time we make a negative comment to the child we erode his/her confidence.
DO NOT THREATEN
Sometimes we say: "If you do this again - you will receive from me!" Or "if you kick your little brother, I will kick you too!" Each time when we threaten the child, we, without realizing, teaching him to become afraid of us or even hate us. Threats are absolutely useless - they do not improve the behavior of the child.
DO NOT EXTORT PROMISES
The sequence of such actions at times happens to be like this: the child has done something what he was not supposed to do. Imagine, mum tells him: "Please, promise me now, that you will never do it again." In response she, certainly, receives the promise. And half an hour later the child will repeat the same action. Mum is offended and upset: "You have promised! Why did you do it then? Why?" But she does not know that a promise means nothing to a small child. The promise, as well as the threat, is more relevant in the future. But the child lives only in the present. If he is sensitive and conscientious, exhortation of promises will develop in the child the own fault syndrome each time he/she breaks the promise. If he is not sensitive, it will teach him cynicism: when the words and reality differs from each other.
DO NOT SPONSOR UNDULY (excessively)
It belittles the child in his own eyes. Excessive trusteeship gives him the idea, that he cannot do anything. Many parents underestimate the ability of the child to do something independently. It is necessary to accept as the motto: "Never do for the child what he can do for himself ".
DO NOT SPEAK TOO MUCH
Unduly long explanations mean to the child: "You are not capable of understanding simple things, so listen, I shall explain to you".
DO NOT DEMAND IMMEDIATE OBEDIENCE
Imagine your husband tells you: "Dear, leave everything and prepare for me a cup of coffee this!" Would you like this demand? In the same way it is not pleasant to your child for anyone to demand things from him. We, at least, should give him in advance notice; "In ten-fifteen minutes we are having dinner together” We expect him to protect a little: "Oh, mums, I'm still. Playing!" Unconditional submission is appropriate for a puppet, but it does not help in creation of an independent mind.
DO NOT PAMPER THE CHILD
In this case it is a question of permissiveness. The child will feel that the parents are afraid to be firm in observance of borders, that they are afraid to say "no". It instills confidence in the child, that all rules are not firm (a rubber-kind) – they will stretch just under a little of pressure. It can work within the home, but outside of the home bitter disappointments await such a child. To indulge the child, you deprive him the opportunity to grow into a person who can adapt in any situation.
BE CONSISTENT IN YOUR RULES
For example, On Saturday mum is in a good mood and thus allows her child to break all rules (or some of the rules). But on Monday when the child does the same thing, she "leans on him, like a ton of bricks (i.e. she reprimand, scorn etc)." Imagine yourself in the place of this child. How well would you learn to drive a car, if on Monday, Tuesday and. Thursday red light means "stop", and on Wednesday, Friday and Saturday – means “go”? Consistency is necessary for the child. He should know what he should expect. Confusion in following the rules (allow this one day and forbid the same on another day) does not promote good discipline, on the contrary it confuses the child and he won't know what to expect from his parents next time.
DO NOT MORALIZE
It instills a feeling of fault in the child and helps to develop a negative self-image. All of morals finally are reduced to one for the child: What you have done is bad. You are bad because you did this. How could you do such a bad thing after doing so many good ones? Reprimanding and critisizing children on a regular basis decreases the child's self worth. If one were to tape all the criticism on a recorder and then play it back to the parents, they would be amazed. There are so many inappropriate words and methods they use in speaking with the children! They will hear the threats, sneers, constant grumbling, and certainly, moral lectures. Scientifically it is proven, that under such ‘strain' the child becomes ‘disconnected' (doesn't pay attention anymore). It is his unique way of defense which he quickly masters. Certainly, the child cannot be disconnected completely and eventually feels guilty.
DO NOT DEMAND THINGS THAT IS INAPPROPRIATE FOR THE AGE OF THE CHILD
Do not expect a two-year-old child to obey the same like a five year old. This instill in the child, feelings of hostility toward you. You demand from him mature behavior which he is not capable of understanding. This will badly affect the development of his consciousness.
Principles of reasonable upbringing
At all times it was said, that there are no recipes in education. Nevertheless, in works of many teachers one can find rules, principles, and precepts of reasonable education. Reflect on them. After some time you will be able to implement it in your own life, and add some more theses.
Never undertake any educational ‘steps' when you are in a bad mood.
Try to define clearly, what you want from the child, and explain this to him. Also try to find out what he thinks about it. Convince the child, that your educational purposes are his purposes as well (and that it is for his benefit)!
Give independence to the child, in their upbringing, be firm and consistent, but do not control (supervise) each step.
Do not prompt the ready decision; rather try to ‘hint' to possible solutions. Always encourage the child to think and praise his correct ‘steps'.
Do not let the moment of your child's first success go unnoticed, praise the child for each successful step. And in praising the child, be specific – tell him why you are praising him - be concrete! Not "You are a good fellow", but ‘I'm very proud of you (you did a good job) because... ".
If the child acts inappropriately (improper), or makes a mistake, then you should point out this mistake in a correct way. Give your comments to what was done and pause so that the child can understand
Criticize an act, but not the person - essence of the person and his/her separate acts are not the same. Very often we mistakenly say "You are bad! (A criticism of the person) (Which sounds quite offensive) instead of correct "You have acted badly!" (An estimation of an act). NB (Note Well): When mistakes are made, your remarks should be brief and clear (well-explained).
Allow the child to feel (smile, touch), that you sympathize with him; let him know that you have a good opinion of him, despite his mistake. Let him know that when this unpleasant conversation ends, everything will be settled.
Education is a sequence of the purposes. Help the child to have and understanding of the perspective purposes - from distant to ' and from it to today's aim.
The tutor should be firm, but kind. Neither absolute hardness, nor same boundless kindness suit as a unique basic principle of education. All is good in its due time, and necessary to be able to apply different methods according to a concrete situation.
DO NOT DENY THE CHILD the RIGHT TO BE A CHILD.
If we, parents, will use only correct pedagogical methods and to avoid undesirable - what we shall receive as a result? An ideal (exemplary) child? On the opinion of psychologists, the "exemplary" child - unhappy child. He/she is the child under a mask. Even though he managed to hide his "I", inside he has got serious emotional problems.
Imagine that we as a result shall bring up the child silent and always respecting adults. Child who never revolts, who is always under control, who does everything, what adults want from it. He does not have any negative feelings, his behavior is of high moral, and he is conscientious and accurate, never lies or deceives anybody. But, maybe, then we deal with a small adult who masks under the child?
In bringing up our children and developing their self-discipline, let us not forget, that they are still children. Do not take this right away from them. Don't deprive them of their childhood!